Some scholars link the Israelites and YHWH with the Shasu. Levy, Adams, and Muniz report similar possibilities: an Egyptian word that means „nomaden / Nomaden PDF wander“, and an alternative Semitic one with the meaning „to plunder“.
Författare: Iljas Esenberlin.
Der dritte Teil der Roman-Trilogie "Nomaden" handelt von einem Mann, der beabsichtigt, Kasachstan von Russland abzuspalten und alleiniger Herrscher der Steppe zu werden. Kenesary Kasymov gelang es, viele Batyre von hohem Stand und verwandte Tureh um sich zu scharen. Sie waren ihm absolut ergeben. Und hinter jedem Batyr oder Tureh stand ein großer Aul oder ein ganzer Stamm. Mit jedem Jahr wurden Kenesarys Überfälle blutiger. Kasymovs Kampf um die Macht fiel mit dem ewigen Kampf des Volkes um Unabhängigkeit zusammen. Dieser Krieg dauerte etwa 10 Jahre. 1841 wurde Kenessary zum Khan aller Kasachen ausgerufen. Nachdem er die Macht erlangt hatte, wendete sich das Blatt. Es trat die Zeit des Despotismus ein, wohin solche Geschehnisse unweigerlich immer führen. Was zu Beginn zur eigenen Verteidigung und zum eigenen Schutz gedacht war, änderte sich sehr schnell.
The earliest known reference to the Shasu occurs in a 15th-century BCE list of peoples in the Transjordan region. The name appears in a list of Egypt’s enemies inscribed on column bases at the temple of Soleb built by Amenhotep III. Redford has argued that the earliest Israelites, semi-nomadic highlanders in central Palestine mentioned on the Merneptah Stele at the end of the 13th century BCE, are to be identified as a Shasu enclave. Hasel would distinguish the Shasu in Merneptah’s Karnak reliefs from the people of Israel since they wear different clothing and hairstyles, and are determined differently by Egyptian scribes. Egyptian writings, including the Merneptah Stele, determinatives are used arbitrarily.
Moreover, the hill-country determinative is not always used for Shasu, as is the case in the „Shasu of Yhw“ name rings from Soleb and Amarah-West. Jericho in a Topographical List of Ramesses II,“ Journal of Near Eastern Studies 12: 201-203. Archaeology and the Emergence of Early Israel“ . Israel in the Merneptah Stela,“ Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research, No. Merenptah’s Inscription and Reliefs and the Origin of Israel“ in Beth Alpert Nakhai ed. The Near East in the Southwest: Essays in Honor of William G.
Annual of the American Schools of Oriental Research 58. Le-David Maskil: A Birthday Tribute for David Noel Freedman. Early Edom: The Relation between the Literary and Archaeological Evidence“. Chieftains of the Highland Clans: A History of Israel in the 12th and 11th Centuries B. Egypt, Canaan and Israel In Ancient Times. The Parting of the Sea Princeton University Press. Ethnicity and Identity in Ancient Israel: Prolegomena to the Study of Ethnic Sentiments and Their Expression in the Hebrew Bible, Eisenbrauns, 1998, p.
108: ‚If the Egyptian scribe was not clear on the nature of the entity he called „Israel,“ knowing only that it was „different“ from the surrounding modalities, then we can imagine something other than a sociocultural Israel. Forging an Identity: The Emergence of Ancient Israel“. The Oxford History of the Biblical World, pp. The Changpa or Champa are a semi-nomadic Tibetan people found mainly in the Changtang in Ladakh and in Jammu and Kashmir. The homeland of the Changpa is a high altitude plateau known as the Changtang, which forms a portion of western and northern Tibet extending into southeastern Ladakh, and Changpa means „northerners“ in Tibetan.
Nature Reserves, which represents an area almost as large as Spain, and bigger than 197 countries. The Changpa of Ladakh are high altitude pastoralists, raising mainly yaks and goats. Among the Ladakh Changpa, those who are still nomadic are known as Phalpa, and they take their herds from in the Hanley Valley to the village of Lato. Hanley is home to six isolated settlements, where the sedentary Changpa, the Fangpa reside. Despite their different lifestyles, both these groups intermarry. Only a small part of Changthang crosses the border into Ladakh, in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir.
It is, however, on a historically important route for travelers journeying from Ladakh to Lhasa, and now has many different characteristics due to being part of India. A documentary Riding Solo to the Top of the World was made by Gaurav Jani. Cerkeley, CA, USA: University of California Press. R Rizvi in People of India Jammu and Kashmir Volume XXV edited by K. Census of India: Government of India.