Författare: Fletcher Hanks.
Readers of the first Fletcher Hanks volume I Shall Destroy All the Civilized Planets were stunned by its popsurrealism and outright violent mayhem. This larger second volume, whencombined with the first, comprises the complete comics work of theheretofore forgotten Golden Age visionary.
Enter the email address you signed up with and we’ll email you a reset link. The image is from the altar screen of the Temple Church near the Law Courts in London. The imperative to not kill is in the context of unlawful killing resulting in bloodguilt. The act of slaying itself, regardless of questions of bloodguilt, is expressed with the verb n-k-h „to strike, smite, hit, beat, slay, kill“. This verb is used of both an Egyptian slaying an Israelite slave and of Moses slaying the Egyptian in retaliation in Exodus 2:11-12.
The commandment against murder can be viewed as a legal issue governing human relationships, noting that the first four commandments relate strongly to man’s duty to God and that the latter six commandments describe duties toward humans. The commandment against murder can also be viewed as based in respect for God himself. The Genesis narrative also portrays the prohibition of shedding innocent blood as an important aspect of God’s covenant with Noah. Whoever sheds the blood of man, by man shall his blood be shed, for God made man in his own image. The Torah portrays murder as a capital crime and describes a number of details in the moral understanding and legal implementation of consequences.
Another verb meaning „to kill, slay, murder, destroy, ruin“ is h-r-g, used of Cain slaying Abel in Genesis 4:8. In a more modern analysis, Wilma Ann Bailey also finds a broader application of the word retzach. The Torah and Hebrew Bible made clear distinctions between the shedding of innocent blood versus killing as the due consequence of a crime. For example, the Exodus narrative describes the people as having turned to idolatry with the golden calf while Moses was on the mountain receiving the law from God. When Moses came down, he commanded the Levites to take up the sword against their brothers and companions and neighbors.
The Levites obeyed and killed about three thousand men who had sinned in worship of the golden calf. The Hebrew Bible has many other examples of sinners being put to death as due consequence for crimes. Achan is put to death by Joshua because he caused defeat of Israel’s army by taking some of the plunder and hiding it in his tent. David ordered that an Amalekite be put to death because he claimed to have killed King Saul. Strike him down and bury him, and so clear me and my father’s house of the guilt of the innocent blood that Joab shed. The Lord will repay him for the blood he shed, because without the knowledge of my father David he attacked two men and killed them with the sword. The biblical refrain for those justly executed as due punishment for crimes is that „their blood will be on their own heads.