The Yoga Sutras were compiled prior to 400 CE by Sage Patanjali who synthesized and organized knowledge about yoga from older traditions. In the 20th century, modern practitioners of yoga elevated the Yoga Sutras to a status it never knew previously. Hindu yoga Philosophy and Practice: German Edition PDF tradition holds the Yoga Sūtras of Patañjali to be one of the foundational texts of classical Yoga philosophy.
Författare: Shyam Mehta.
The Yoga Sūtras text is attributed to Patanjali. Maas assesses Patañjali’s Yogasutra’s date to be about 400 CE, based on tracing the commentaries on it published in the first millennium CE, and a review of extant literature. Edwin Bryant, on the other hand, surveys the major commentators in his translation of the Yoga Sūtras. Michele Desmarais summarizes a wide variety of dates assigned to Yogasutra, ranging from 500 BCE to 3rd century CE, noting that there is a paucity of evidence for any certainty. She states the text may have been composed at an earlier date given conflicting theories on how to date it, but latter dates are more commonly accepted by scholars.
The Yoga Sutras are a composite of various traditions. Sadhana is the Sanskrit word for „practice“ or „discipline“. Aṣṭāṅga Yoga is the yoga of eight limbs: Yama, Niyama, Āsana, Prāṇāyāma, Pratyahara, Dhāraṇa, Dhyāna, and Samādhi. Vibhuti is the Sanskrit word for „power“ or „manifestation“. A statue of Patañjali practicing dhyana in the Padma-asana at Patanjali Yogpeeth. This terse definition hinges on the meaning of three Sanskrit terms.