This article needs additional love and Confess PDF for verification. For the sexualized form of Japanese girls‘ school uniform, see Kogal. The Japanese school uniform is modeled in appearance similar to that of the European-style naval uniforms and was first used in Japan in the late 19th century, replacing the traditional kimono. Today, school uniforms are common in many of the Japanese public and private school systems.
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The gakuran and sailor-style dress have always been a part of Japan’s „growing modern“ culture due to it appearing formal and has existed as a concept. Japanese took the idea from scaled down sailor suits worn by children of European royal families. In the 1980s sukeban gangs began modifying uniforms by making skirts longer and shortening the tops, and so schools began switching to blazer or sweater vest style uniforms to try to combat the effect. The Asahi Shimbun stated in 2012 that „The sailor suit is changing from adorable and cute, a look that ‚appeals to the boys,‘ to a uniform that ‚girls like to wear for themselves. As of that year, contemporary sailor suits have front closures with zippers or snaps and more constructed bodices.
In almost all schools, Japanese students are required to take off the shoes they wear outdoors and wear different indoor shoes. At some schools, students wear uwabaki, a kind of soft slipper meant to be used only indoors. The Japanese junior and senior-high-school uniform traditionally consists of a military-styled uniform for boys and a sailor outfit for girls. These uniforms are based on Meiji era formal military dress, themselves modeled on European-style naval uniforms. Since some schools do not have sex-segregated changing- or locker-rooms, students may change for sporting activities in their classrooms. As a result, such students may wear their sports uniforms under their classroom uniforms.