A map of Vietnam – Laos – Cambodia 1 : 1 400 000 PDF Vietnam showing provincial boundaries and names and military zones: 1, II, III, and IV Corps. Political instability and internal dissent continued to plague the government of South Vietnam, although in June General Nguyễn Văn Thiệu and Air Marshall Nguyễn Cao Kỳ took control of the country and remained in power for the remainder of the year. In the United States, a majority of Congress and the people supported U.
North Vietnam in March, in Operation Rolling Thunder. Army and Marines began ground operations to ferret out and defeat the communist forces. North Vietnamese armies met head-on for the first time in the Battle of Ia Drang. North Vietnamese, but the battle vindicated the conviction by North Vietnam that its military could slowly grind down the U. South Korea contributed an army division to South Vietnam, while Australia, New Zealand and other countries provided smaller numbers of soldiers. North Vietnam received military aid from the Soviet Union and China. At year’s end, President Lyndon Johnson declared a temporary halt to the bombing of North Vietnam and undertook a diplomatic initiative to seek negotiations with North Vietnam.
North Vietnam, on its part, aimed to achieve a decisive military victory, but prepared also for an expanded war if the U. Most of the reports and conversations mentioned below were secret and not made public for many years. They reflect the ongoing debate among American officials, military leaders, and the American people about the scope and character of American intervention in the Vietnam War. 1 January The South Vietnamese security forces, including regulars, part-time militia, Montagnard irregulars, and National Police totaled 567,246 personnel. The number of Viet Cong guerrillas and North Vietnamese regulars in South Vietnam was a matter of much debate. Viet Cong army consisted of 40,000 full-time fighters and 80,000 to 100,000 part-time guerrillas.
The Department of Defense’s fact book estimated that the Viet Cong numbered less than 200,000 plus 39,175 political cadre. A junior-level CIA analyst, Samuel A. Viet Cong strength by about one-half. Both North Vietnam and the United States would rapidly increase the number of their troops in South Vietnam during 1965. 2 January The Battle of Binh Gia concluded. The Viet Cong withdrew from the battlefield.
In six days of fighting, the Viet Cong had killed 201 of South Vietnam’s best soldiers and five American advisers. 3 January Senator Mike Mansfield, considered the U. Congress’s most knowledgeable person about Vietnam, appeared on television and said that neutralization of South Vietnam through an agreement reached by negotiations between the U. Mansfield was one of several senators who had doubts about the course of U.