Please forward underground Protestantism in Sixteenth Century Spain PDF error screen to 185. Latin version of the Christian cross, used by virtually all Protestant denominations.
Författare: Frances Luttikhuizen.
The arrival, reception, and suppression of Protestant thought in sixteenth century Spain
Protestantism originated from the Protestation at Speyer in 1529, where the nobility protested against enforcement of the Edict of Worms which subjected advocates of Lutheranism to forfeiture of all of their property. Since 1600 major factors affecting Protestantism have been the Catholic Counter-Reformation which opposed it successfully especially in France, Spain and Italy. Then came an era of confessionalization followed by Rationalism, Pietism, and the Great Awakenings. One of the early Reformers was John Wycliffe, an English theologian and early proponent of reform in the 14th century. Both Wycliffe and Hus preached against indulgences.
Those early reformers influenced German monk Martin Luther, who spread the Protestant Reformation. Originally, Luther intended to reform the Roman Catholic Church rather than break it up. After excommunicating Luther in 1521 with the papal bull Decet Romanum Pontificem, Church leaders together with the Holy Roman Empire condemned his followers in the 1521 Edict of Worms. This was the beginning of the Counter-Reformation. 1525 swept through Bavaria, Thuringia and Swabia. The Nuremberg Religious Peace was breached at the start of the Schmalkaldic War in 1546.
The Great Awakenings were periods of rapid and dramatic religious revival in American religious history, from the 1730s to the mid-19th century. In result, a multitude of diverse Protestant denominations emerged. In the 21st century, Protestantism continues to divide, while simultaneously expanding on a worldwide scale largely due to rising Evangelical Protestant and Pentecostal movements. Approximate spread of Protestantism after the Reformation, and following the Counter-Reformation.