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Författare: Richard Schenk.
Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2015 im Fachbereich Politik – Internationale Politik – Klima- und Umweltpolitik, Note: 1,3, Hochschule für Politik München (Lehrbereich Internationale Politik), Veranstaltung: Environmental, Climate and Energy Policy of the United States, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: This paper analyses the environmental policy process in the United States from January 1981 to January 1993. Though by focusing only on policy formulation, implementation and evaluation one cannot gain a causal understanding of behavior, this approach is adequate to gain a basic understanding of the environmental policy during the Reagan and the Bush presidencies.
Chapter 2 examines formulation of environmental policy by the two main protagonists of American politics, which of course are the presidency for the executive branch and Congress for the legislative branch.
Chapter 3 is about implementation of environmental policy in this era as shown by the two examples of the Environmental Protection Agency and a short survey of environmental protection legislation by Congress. The EPA should characterize the environmental policy pursued by the administration. In contrast the survey should highlight the approach of the Congress towards environmental policy. Did the Democratic majority in the House succeed in fortifying the previous decade’s progress in environmental protection?
Chapter 4 is an attempt to answer the main question by trying to identify the main direction of environmental policy of this era. Have the presidents succeeded with their approach to environmental policy and how did this influence the United States in the following decades? If one specifies progress and regress in environmental policy in their period, which one prevails? Unfortunately this questions cannot be answered adequately due to the length of the paper, but the results should provide a satisfactory overview of this complex topic that combines very different facets of policy and politics.
Conservatism in the United States Collage 2. Historians such as Patrick Allitt and political theorists such as Russell Kirk argue that the conservative tradition has played a major role in American politics and culture since 1776. However, they stress that an organized conservative movement with beliefs that differ from those of other American political parties has played a key role in politics only since the 1950s. The history of American conservatism has been marked by tensions and competing ideologies.
Neoconservatives want to expand American ideals throughout the world. All other activities of government tend to diminish freedom and hamper progress. In this great social conflict of the era, we are, without reservations, on the libertarian side. According to Peter Viereck, American conservatism is distinctive because it was not tied to a monarchy, landed aristocracy, established church, or military elite.