May every comfort Rivers of London Volume 5: Cry Fox PDF thy future life, And smooth thy cares with fond and tender wife. To Save Brave Nelson There Dear Country’s Pride.
Författare: Andrew Cartmel.
Born to another naval Rivers, Lieutenant William Rivers, R. Deptford, Henry Rivers followed many family traditions in being educated at Trinity College, Cambridge and entering the church. In 1863, having obtained a curacy at Chatham in addition to a chaplain’s post, Henry Rivers was in a position to marry Elizabeth Hunt who was living with her brother James in Hastings, not far from Chatham. The Hunts, like the Riverses, were an established naval and Church of England family. Taking up his father’s legacy with great zeal, by the age of 21 Hunt had published his compendious work, „Stammering and Stuttering, Their Nature and Treatment“.
In later, expanded editions, „Stammering and Stuttering“ begins to reflect Hunt’s growing passion for anthropology exploring, as it does, the nature of language usage and speech disorders in non-European peoples. In 1856, Hunt had joined the Ethnological Society of London and by 1859 he was its joint secretary. As a result of the antagonism, Hunt founded the Anthropological Society and became its president, a position that would be taken up by his nephew almost sixty years later. Even by Victorian standards, Hunt was a decided racist. His paper „On a Negro’s Place in Nature“, delivered before the BAAS in 1863, was met with hisses and catcalls.
In addition to his extremist views, Hunt also led his society to incur heavy debts. The controversies surrounding his conduct told on his health and, on 29 August 1869, Hunt died of „inflammation of the brain“ leaving a widow, Henrietta Maria, and five children. Hunt’s speech therapy practice was passed onto Hunt’s brother-in-law, Henry Rivers, who had been working with him for some time. With the practice came many of Hunt’s established patients, most notably The Reverend Charles L. To his nephew William, Hunt had left his books though a young Rivers had refused them, thinking that they would be of no use to him. William, known as „Willie“ throughout his childhood, appears to have taken his Christian name from his famous uncle of Victory fame, as well as from a longstanding family tradition whereby the eldest son of every line would be baptised by that name.
Ironically, given family interest in the subject, Rivers suffered from a stammer that never truly left him, he also had no sensory memory although he was able to visualise to an extent if dreaming, in a half-waking, half-sleeping state or when feverish. At first, Rivers had concluded that his loss of visual imagery had come about as a result of his lack of attention and interest in it. However, as he later came to realise, while images from his later life frequently faded into obscurity, those from his infancy still remained vivid. As Rivers notes in Instinct and the Unconscious, one manifestation of his lack of visual memory was his inability to visualise any part of the upper floor of the house he lived in until he was five. If Rivers ever did come to access the veiled memory then he does not appear to make a note of it so the nature of the experience is open to conjecture. One such supposition was put forward by Pat Barker, in the second novel in her Regeneration Trilogy, The Eye in the Door.
Whatever his disadvantages, Rivers was an unquestionably able child. Educated first at a Brighton preparatory school and then, from the age of thirteen, as a dayboy at the prestigious Tonbridge School, his academic abilities were noted from an early age. The teenage Rivers, whilst obviously scholarly, was also involved in other aspects of school life. The year before this he had been elected as a member of the school debating society, no mean feat for a boy who at this time suffered from a speech impediment which was almost paralytic.
Rivers was set to follow family tradition and take his University of Cambridge entrance exam, possibly with the aim of studying Classics. His illness had been a bad one, entailing long convalescence and leaving him with effects which at times severely handicapped him. Shore notes: „he was not a strong man, and was often obliged to take a few days rest in bed and subsist on a milk diet“. Fuelled by this new resolve, Rivers studied medicine at the University of London, where he matriculated in 1882, and St Bartholomew’s Hospital in London. He graduated aged just 22, the youngest person to do so until recent times. After qualifying, Rivers sought to follow his ambition and join the army but was not passed fit. Once again the typhoid had denied him his dreams.
As Elliot Smith was later to write, as quoted in Rivers’s biography: „Rivers always had to fight against ill health: heart and blood vessels. Along with the health problems noted by Shore and Elliot Smith, Rivers had been left to the curse of „tiring easily“. His sister Katharine wrote that when he came to visit the family he would often sleep for the first day or two. Astonishingly, considering the work that Rivers did in his relatively short lifetime, Seligman wrote in 1922 that „for many years he seldom worked for more than four hours a day“.
As ever, Rivers did not allow his drawbacks to dishearten him“, and instead of entering the army his love of travelling lead him to serve several terms as a ship’s surgeon, travelling to Japan and North America in 1887. Such voyages helped to improve his health, and possibly to prolong his life. Back in England, Rivers gained the distinction of an M. Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians. At Bart’s, Rivers had been a physician to Dr.