Burning fire in the Religionsgeschichtliche Versuche und Vorarbeiten, Vol. 19 PDF temple of Yazd, Iran. As of 2017, there were 50 fire temples in Mumbai, 100 in the rest of India, and 27 in the rest of the world.
Författare: Ludolf Malten.
First evident in the 9th century BCE, the Zoroastrian rituals of fire are contemporary with that of Zoroastrianism itself. It appears at approximately the same time as the shrine cult and is roughly contemporaneous with the introduction of Atar as a divinity. That the rituals of fire was a doctrinal modification and absent from early Zoroastrianism is also evident in the later Atash Nyash. In the oldest passages of that liturgy, it is the hearth fire that speaks to „all those for whom it cooks the evening and morning meal“, which Boyce observes is not consistent with sanctified fire.
The oldest remains of what has been identified as a fire temple are those on Mount Khajeh, near Lake Hamun in Sistan. Only traces of the foundation and ground-plan survive and have been tentatively dated to the 3rd or 4th century BCE. The characteristic feature of the Sassanid fire temple was its domed sanctuary where the fire-altar stood. Apart from relatively minor fire temples, three were said to derive directly from Ahura Mazda, thus making them the most important in Zoroastrian tradition. The priests of these respective „Royal Fires“ are said to have competed with each other to draw pilgrims by promoting the legends and miracles that were purported to have occurred at their respective sites. Eternal flame at Fire Temple of Baku also known as Ateshgah of Baku. Atar Spenishta, ‚Holiest Fire‘ of Yasna 17.