The Wanderer and His Shadow“ redirects here. 19th-century philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche, originally published in 1878. The book is Nietzsche’s first in the aphoristic style that would come to journal a Wanderer PDF his writings, discussing a variety of concepts in short paragraphs or sayings.
Författare: John G. Reilly.
Unlike his first book, The Birth of Tragedy, which was written in essay style, Human, All Too Human is a collection of aphorisms, a style which he would use in many of his subsequent works. The aphorisms of Human, All Too Human range from a few words to a few pages, but most are short paragraphs. The second and third installments are an additional 408 and 350 aphorisms respectively. German tradition Nietzsche’s most important predecessor was a figure of the Enlightenment, Georg Christoph Lichtenberg, whose writing Nietzsche greatly admired. Nietzsche’s work is indebted also to Schopenhauer’s, particularly his Aphorisms for Practical Wisdom, 1851. Nietzsche’s work is a deliberate turn westward. Nietzsche cites the French aphorists Jean de La Bruyère and Prosper Mérimée, and in Aphorism 221 celebrates Voltaire.
This book represents the beginning of Nietzsche’s „middle period“, with a break from German Romanticism and from Wagner and with a definite positivist slant. In this first section Nietzsche deals with metaphysics, specifically its origins as relating to dreams, the dissatisfaction with oneself, and language as well. This section, named in honor of his friend Paul Rée’s On the Origin of Moral Sensations, Nietzsche challenges the Christian idea of good and evil, as it was philosophized by Arthur Schopenhauer. Nietzsche uses this section to denounce the idea of divine inspiration in art, claiming that great art is the result of hard work, not a higher power or „genius“.
Nietzsche never mentions him by name, instead simply using the term „the artist“. Here Nietzsche criticizes Darwin, as he frequently does, as naive and derivative of Hobbes and early English economists and without an account of life from the „inside. Wherever progress is to ensue, deviating natures are of greatest importance. Every progress of the whole must be preceded by a partial weakening. The strongest natures retain the type, the weaker ones help to advance it. Something similar also happens in the individual.