German preacher and radical theologian of the early Reformation whose opposition to both Martin Luther and the Roman Catholic Church led to his open defiance of late-feudal authority in central Johannes Reuchlin: Briefwechsel / Band III: 1514 – 1517 PDF. Few other figures of the German Reformation raised as much controversy as Müntzer, which continues to this day. A complex and unique figure in history, he is now regarded as a significant player in the early years of the German Reformation and also in the history of European revolutionaries.
Författare: Johannes Reuchlin.
The continuation of the lawsuit regarding the ›Augenspiegel‹ was the ever present background for the 90 letters in this volume. When Reuchlin won his case at the episcopal court of Speyer in the spring of 1514, Cologne theologians called upon the highest judicial body for questions of faith: the Holy See in Rome. Reuchlin’s close contacts to influential cardinals of the Roman Curia such as Egidio da Viterbo, Domenico Grimani or Adriano Castellesi are documented by the correspondence during these years as are the efforts made concerning the involvement of Pope Leo X himself. The correspondence with men such as Erasmus of Rotterdam or Jacques Lefèvre d’Etaples illustrates the broad support given to Reuchlin at that time by the humanist avant-garde. The letters written by Hermann von dem Busche, Johannes Crotus Rubeanus and Ulrich von Hutten lead directly to the authors of possibly the most famous of all modern Latin satires: the ›Epistolae obscurorum virorum‹, published anonymously in two parts in 1515 and 1517.
Stolberg in the Harz Mountains of Germany. The legend that his father had been executed by the feudal authorities has long since been shown untrue. Soon after 1490 the family moved to the neighbouring and slightly larger town of Quedlinburg, and it was as „Thomas Munczer de Quedlinburgk“ that he enrolled at the University of Leipzig in 1506. Here he may have studied the arts or even theology: relevant records are missing, and it is uncertain whether Müntzer actually graduated from Leipzig. It was here that he began to question the practices of the Catholic Church, and to criticize, for example, the selling of indulgences. In the autumn of 1517, he was in Wittenberg, met with Martin Luther, and became involved in the great discussions which preceded the posting of Luther’s 95 Theses. This was one of the high points of the early Reformation.
At St Mary’s, Müntzer carried on as he had started in Jüterbog. This brought him into conflict with the representatives of the established church. He still regarded himself as a follower of Luther, however, and as such he retained the support of the town council. So much so that when Egranus returned to post in late September 1520, the town council appointed Müntzer to a permanent post at St Katharine’s Church. St Katharine’s was the church of the weavers.