Jump to navigation Jump to search For the similarly-named personality trait distinct from the disorder, see Sensory processing sensitivity. Sensory integration was defined by occupational therapist Anna Jean Ayres in 1972 as „the neurological process that organizes sensation from one’s own body and from the environment and makes it possible to use the body effectively within the environment“. Sources debate whether SPD is an independent disorder or represents the observed symptoms of various other, more well-high sensory-processing sensitivity PDF, disorders.
Författare: Lena Blumentritt.
Was bedeutet Hochsensitivität? Wie wird dieses Merkmal gemessen? Wie viele Menschen weisen dieses Merkmal auf und welche Konsequenzen lassen sich daraus ableiten? Diesen und weiteren Fragen wird am Beispiel von Studierenden nachgegangen.
Die vorliegende Studie bietet eine differenzierte Aufarbeitung des Forschungsstandes, beleuchtet bedeutsame Zusammenhänge und fokussiert verschiedene (inter-)nationale Instrumente zur Erfassung von Hochsensitivität bei Erwachsenen und Kindern. Anknüpfungspunkte für weiterführende Fragestellungen werden aufgezeigt.
Symptoms may vary according to the disorder’s type and subtype present. SPD can affect one sense or multiple senses. Signs of over-responsivity, including, for example, dislike of textures such as those found in fabrics, foods, grooming products or other materials found in daily living, to which most people would not react, and serious discomfort, sickness or threat induced by normal sounds, lights, movements, smells, tastes, or even inner sensations such as heartbeat. Sensorimotor-based problems, including slow and uncoordinated movements or poor handwriting. Sensory discrimination problems, that might manifest themselves in behaviors such as things constantly dropped. Critics have noted that what proponents claim are symptoms of SPD are both broad and, in some cases, represent very common, and not necessarily abnormal or atypical, childhood characteristics.
Sensory processing issues represent a feature of a number of disorders, including anxiety problems, ADHD, food intolerances, behavioral disorders, and particularly, autism spectrum disorders. The exact cause of SPD is not known. Current research in sensory processing is focused on finding the genetic and neurological causes of SPD. Differences in tactile and auditory over responsivity show moderate genetic influences, with tactile over responsivity demonstrating greater heritability. Bivariate genetic analysis suggested different genetic factors for individual differences in auditory and tactile SOR. People with sensory over-responsivity might have increased D2 receptor in the striatum, related to aversion to tactile stimuli and reduced habituation.