Jump to navigation Jump to search This article is about Hermopolis Magna. Black siltstone obelisk of King Nectanebo II. According hermes, 1906, Vol. 41 PDF the vertical inscriptions he set up this obelisk at the doorway of the sanctuary of Thoth, the Thrice-Great, Lord of Hermopolis.
Författare: Friedrich Leo.
A provincial capital since the Old Kingdom of Egypt, Hermopolis developed into a major city of Roman Egypt, and an early Christian center from the third century. Egyptian language name of the city, means „Eight-Town“, after the Ogdoad, a group of eight „primordial“ deities whose cult was situated there. In Koine Greek, the city was called „The City of Hermes“ since the Greeks identified Hermes with Thoth, because the city was the main cult centre of Thoth, the Pharaonic god of magic, healing, and wisdom and the patron of scribes. Objects from the tomb of Djehutynakht, a nomarch during the Middle Kingdom era of Egypt. Hermopolis became a significant city in the Roman province of Thebais Prima in the administrative diocese of Egypt.
Typhon was represented by a hippopotamus, on which sat a hawk fighting with a serpent. This section needs additional citations for verification. It has been suggested that this section be split out into another article titled Diocese of Hermopolis. A Christian tradition holds it to be the place where the Holy Family found refuge during its exile in Egypt. Hermopolis Maior was a suffragan diocese of the provincial capital’s Metropolitan Archdiocese of Antinoe, in the sway of the Patriarchate of Alexandria.
Like most, it faded under Islam. Muslim rulers, who have burned its stones for lime or carried them away for building materials. The Ibis-headed god Thoth was, with his accompanying emblems, the Ibis and the Cynocephalus monkey, the most conspicuous among the sculptures upon the great portico of the temple of Hermopolis. His designation in inscriptions was „The Lord of Eshmoon“. Currently there is a small open-air museum in which stand two massive statues of Thoth as a baboon worshipping the sun, and a few carved blocks of masonry. Great Hermopolis“, for distinction with Lesser Hermopolis, e.
Paul Nicholson, The Dictionary of Ancient Egypt, British Museum Press, 1995. Cäcilia Fluck, Günter Vittmann, Ägyptens späte Blüte. Die Römer am Nil, Mainz 2004, ISBN 3-8053-3276-9, p. Catalogue of Arabic Papyri in the John Rylands Library, Manchester.