Heidegger Lesebuch PDF

Born in Heidegger Lesebuch PDF, he lives in Heidelberg. His fields of research are Social Sciences and General Studies of Methods.


Författare: Günter Figal.
Dieses Lesebuch will Ausgangspunkte der Philosophie Martin Heideggers markieren; zusammengestellt wurden exemplarische Texte, von denen aus eine Erkundung des heideggerschen Denkens möglich ist. Das Lesebuch will zur Orientierung im Zusammenhang dieses Denkens verhelfen und dabei manche Texte, die für das Verständnis Heideggers besonders wichtig sind, leichter zugänglich machen. Die umfangreiche Einleitung des Herausgebers läßt Heideggers philosophische Entwicklung verständlich werden und stellt die Texte des Lesebuchs in ihren Zusammenhang. Eine Chronik informiert über die wichtigsten Daten in Heideggers Leben.
Der Band enthält unter anderem das"Spiegel-Gespräch"von 1966 sowie eine"Erste Ausarbeitung"des Aufsatzes"Vom Ursprung des Kunstwerkes", die sich erheblich von der in Band 5 der Gesamtausgabe veröffentlichten späteren Fassung unterscheidet.

He is a critical rationalist, paying special attention to rational heuristics. Albert held the chair of Social Sciences and General Studies of Methods at the University of Mannheim. He is also a much-cited philosopher. Most importantly, he developed Popper’s critical rationalism into a concise, broad-ranging maxim, thereby extending it from a method to progress in science to one equally applicable in day-to-day heuristics. To substantiate his approach, he provided evidence for his thesis that there is no field of human activities where one should not be critical.

Consequently, he advocated applying critical rationalism to the social sciences, especially to economics, politics, jurisprudence, and religion. Max Weber not as supporting value-free science but as demonstrating that scientists can ‚be free of any value judgement‘, even for research in the fields of values. Albert observed that new insights are often difficult to spread or proliferate. He ascribed this phenomenon’s cause to ideological obstacles, for which Albert coined the phrase ‚immunity against criticism‘. Albert’s well known Münchhausen trilemma is ironically named after Baron Munchausen, who allegedly pulled himself out of a swamp seizing himself by his shock of hair. This trilemma rounds off the classical problem of justification in the theory of knowledge. All justification in pursuit of certain knowledge simultaneously has to justify the means of justification or rather the validity of its premises – an effort which leads to an infinite regress.

One can cut the chain of reasons short, for instance, by pointing to self-evidence or common sense or fundamental principles or another basic premise that shall not be further questioned. The third horn of the trilemma is the equally unsatisfying application of a circular argument. Albert stressed repeatedly that there is no limitation of the Münchhausen trilemma to deductive conclusions. Hence, Albert points out, justification is rendered virtually impossible regardless of the specific content of a thesis, justification is impossible at all. From this notion, Albert draws the conclusion that progress in science can only be achieved by means of falsification rather than inductive verification.

To observe and criticize the endeavors made to escape from the quagmire of certain justification became an instructive part of Hans Albert’s philosophy. Albert’s Transzendentale Träumereien meaning Transcendental Reveries. Albert’s plea is for critical rationalism. He avoids solemn preaching in favor of serious, serene discussion with people of different faith and thinking. While Popper always warned not to follow one’s opponent into the mire, Albert follows them into their favored field of thinking on their own terms. Only if all currently proposed alternatives to critical rationalism are untenable may one live with critical rationalism. There is value in keeping an open mind and learning from discussion.