Jump to navigation Jump to search This article is concerned with Bertha Pappenheim as the patient Anna O. For her life briefwechsel Rilke / Key PDF and after her treatment, see Bertha Pappenheim.
Författare: Ellen Key.
Der Briefwechsel Rainer Maria Rilkes (1875-1926) und Ellen Keys (1849-1926) gehört zu den aufschlußreichsten Dokumenten von Rilkes dichterischem Selbstverständnis. Die heute weitgehend vergessene schwedische Schriftstellerin hatte mit ihrer Studie "Das Jahrhundert des Kindes" (1900) biographische Erfahrungen Rilkes wie der anderer Autoren des Jahrhundertbeginns bestätigt: deren Leiden unter der Erwachsenenwelt, speziell der Schule.
Josef Breuer, who published her case study in his book Studies on Hysteria, written in collaboration with Sigmund Freud. Breuer for severe cough, paralysis of the extremities on the right side of her body, and disturbances of vision, hearing, and speech, as well as hallucination and loss of consciousness. Freud implies that her illness was a result of the resentment felt over her father’s real and physical illness that later led to his death. Her treatment is regarded as marking the beginning of psychoanalysis. In inducing her to a state of hypnosis, Breuer found that these words were „profoundly melancholy fantasiessometimes characterized by poetic beauty“. Historical records since showed that when Breuer stopped treating Anna O.
She later recovered over time and led a productive life. The West German government issued a postage stamp in honour of her contributions to the field of social work. According to one perspective, „examination of the neurological details suggests that Anna suffered from complex partial seizures exacerbated by drug dependence. In this view, her illness was not, as Freud suggested, psychological, but neurological. Bertha’s father fell seriously ill in mid-1880 during a family holiday in Ischl. This event was a turning point in her life. While sitting up at night at his sickbed she was suddenly tormented by hallucinations and a state of anxiety.
English, or only French, or Italian. She could however always understand German. The periods of aphasia could last for days, and sometimes varied with the time of day. Neuralgia: she suffered from facial pain which was treated with morphine and chloral and led to addiction. The pain was so severe that surgical severance of the trigeminus nerve was considered. Although she was right-handed, she had to learn to write with her left hand because of this condition.
Visual impairments: she had temporary motor disturbances in her eyes. She perceived objects as being greatly enlarged and she squinted. Mood swings: Over long periods she had daily swings between conditions of anxiety and depression, followed by relaxed states. Amnesia: when she was in one of these states she could not remember events or any of her own actions which took place when she was in the other state. Eating disorders: in crisis situations she refused to eat. During one hot summer she rejected liquids for weeks and lived only on fruit. Pseudocyesis: she underwent symptoms of a false pregnancy.